Tuesday, January 21, 2020

The Jealous Husband by Robert Browning :: essays research papers

The Jealous Husband That's my last Duchess painted on the wall, Looking as if she were alive. I call That piece a wonder, now: Frà   Pandolf's hands Worked busily a day, and there she stands. 5 Will't please you sit and look at her? I said Frà   Pandolf'; by design, for never read Strangers like you that pictured countenance, The depth and passion of its earnest glance, But to myself they turned (since none puts by 10 The curtain I have drawn for you, but I) And seemed as they would ask me, if they durst, How such a glance came there; so, not the first Are you to turn and ask thus. Sir, 'twas not Her husband's presence only, called that spot 15 Of joy into the Duchess's cheek: perhaps Frà   Pandolf chanced to say 'Her mantle laps Over my lady's wrist too much,'; or 'Paint Must never hope to reproduce the faint Half-flush that dies along her throat';: such stuff 20 Was courtesy, she thought, and cause enough For calling up that spot of joy. She had A heart—how shall I say?—too soon made glad, Too easily impressed; she liked whate'er She looked on, and her looks went everywhere. 25 Sir, 'twas all one! My favor at her breast, The dropping of the daylight in the West, The bough of cherries some officious fool Broke in the orchard for her, the white mule She rode with round the terrace—all and each 30 Would draw from her alike the approving speech, Or blush, at least. She thanked men—good! but thanked Somehow—I know not how—as if she ranked My gift of a nine-hundred-years-old name With anybody's gift. Who'd stoop to blame 35 This sort of trifling? Even had you skill In speech—(which I have not)—to make your will Quite clear to such an one, and say, 'Just this Or that in you disgust me; here you miss, Or there exceed the mark';—and if she let 40 Herself be lessoned so, nor plainly set Her wits to yours, forsooth, and made excuse –E'en then would be some stooping; and I choose Never to stoop. Oh sir, she smiled, no doubt, Whene'er I passed her; but who passed without 45 Much the same smile? This grew; I gave commands; Then all smiles stopped together. There she stands As if alive. Will't please you rise? We'll meet The company below, then. I repeat, The Count your master's known munificence 50 Is ample warrant that no just pretense Of mine for dowry will be disallowed; Though his fair daughter's self, as I avowed At starting, is my object. Nay, we'll go Together down, sir. Notice Neptune, though, 55 Taming a sea horse, thought a rarity,

Monday, January 13, 2020

Change Management and Communication Plan Essay

Riordan Manufacturing is doing big things to improve their organization. They have decided to change how the organization manages their customer management system. The company has not had any formal system for managing their customer information and has in the past left this up to each individual employee. This new system will incorporate the use of one customer management system that will be accessed by all employees. Our team will be assisting with this process and will ensure that our plan will make Riordan more effective. During this process we will need to have several planning meetings to assist with the implementation of this new process and the use of our new customer management system. We as a team will ensure that all steps are carefully planned and well presented to the employees. Our number one goal is to make the company more effective. The topics we will need to address include the organizational structure to include chain of command, organizational culture, and the strategy we will use to make these changes effective. Their current method of management is the chain of command. This allows each division to have a supervisor and many levels between the bottom and the top. The level of supervision includes supervisors, middle managers, and executive managers. The informal power structure is a team-oriented working environment. Assignments are currently being completed by appropriate communication among the employees. The lack of focus on individual success is often overlooked. Decentralization can also be a disadvantage as it can lead to control problems for management. This structure can generally increase conflict among employees. The most effective organizational structure that would benefit Riordan would include self-directed teams. Riordan’s team environment would be excellent for  self-directed teams. Self-directed teams can offer several advantages. The largest factor we considered is motivating the employees. This will allow them the highest level of job satisfactory by boosting morale and giving them meaningful positions. Employees that have high levels of job satisfactory are much more engaged in supporting their organization. An employee’s behavior is influenced by their company’s culture. The organizational culture at Riordan includes fairness, dedication, teamwork, performance evaluations and benefits accommodations. Everything the company offers is factored into the culture. These influence an employee’s motivation and will help an employee grow and gain additional experience and knowledge. Some potential influences include career advancement, job security which in return will lead to loyal employees, excellent customer service provided by the employees, and compensation satisfaction. One of the most difficult challenges a company is tasked with is implementing change. As long as a company knows and understands how to effectively implement change, the less resistance they will receive. Reasons that employees resist change include: lack of awareness to the change, fear of being out of comfort zone, fear of not understanding the reasons for change, personal feelings towards the change, conflicts, and fear for lack of job security. Management should always be prepared to effectively deal and handle the resistance most employees will impose. Some strategies Riordan Company should follow include; effective communication of any ideas and implementation of change prior to the change date. Management should always be mindful of employee concerns and work on different training methods to help them cope with any changes that will be occurring. Every employee should be given the opportunity to provide feedback regarding the changes. Another strategy is to expect the resistance when implementation takes place. The best way to handle that is to address it formally and identify the root causes of the change as well as appoint the right leaders to effectively communicate and address any potential issues. As far as the implementation of the new system goes, the next 12 months will be critical. A plan will help to dictate the direction in which the plan will take the business. Providing a detailed step-by-step instruction manual, so to speak, will be the best chance for the success of the implementation. It may take a bit longer, but implementing the plan only one step at a time will make for  an effortless transaction from one norm to the next. This will also allow for feedback of the employees without aggravation, which will also give them time for significant improvements. At first, the employees will likely be confused by the change. It will take time to adapt to the new norm before an evaluation of the success can be determined. Training will be of great importance. Having a pre-knowledge of the upcoming events will prepare the employees for the inevitable. We know that the change is coming and so should they. The customer base is the best way to know for sure if the plan is effective. Most businesses only exist as a service to a customer; therefore, training the employees on the right and wrong reactions to the customers and the service that they r eceive will be the primary goal for Riordan Manufacturing. This will give the sense that the company is making the necessary changes to better serve them. The Communication Plan Riordan Manufacturing communication plan will consist of a formal email being sent to all managers in charge of specific sectors about the Change Management Plan with a follow up of sector face-to-face meetings. A formal email being sent out will ensure the message being delivered in a timely fashion to prepare the managers for the change. It will also give them more time to prepare a face-to-face meeting with all sector employees before the change is made. The face-to-face meeting will ensure the employees that Riordan Manufacture messages about any change that could affect them are being relayed on a more personable level. This channel will also allow manager to receive feedback from employees whether it is questions or concerns. A barrier that could be a problem for the managers trying to deliver this Change Management Plan is Communication Apprehension. This kind of barrier takes place when an individual gets extremely nervous, anxious, or even tense when speaking or trying to send any type of communication to others. Since the managers are going to have individual face-to-face meeting with their group of employees, we hope that each manager will have the courage to speak up effectively and accurately about the change. To ensure that there has been effective communication to all employees the managers who delivered  the messages will have to send a report back about the reactions shared by the employees during the meeting. Riordan Manufacturing is excited to announce a new customer management system. This new system will be accessible by all employees and will allow us to provide the most effective customer service possible. During the next few weeks, Department Managers will have face to face meetings with all staff members. Team A will provide an overview of the new system and will allow the opportunity for employees to address concerns and ask questions. Please take this time and offer feedback, your feedback and concerns are vital to the success of this organization. Our number one goal is to deliver the best customer service to both internal and external customers. Together we can make this change a success. In conclusion communication and planning are the two most important things when implementing change within any organization. Employees need to know that their input is appreciated and heard. Allowing managers and employees the opportunity to provide feedback will increase morale and will maintain high levels of job satisfaction. Riordan Manufacturing has taken the necessary steps to implement the new customer management system with proper planning and communication.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

William Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet - 2673 Words

Explore the ways in which romantic love is presented through the character of Romeo in comparison to the attitudes of speakers in a selection of Renaissance and Metaphysical poetry by Donne, Marvell and Shakespeare. ‘Romeo and Juliet’ is considered to be one of the most distinguished love stories ever to be told. The classic idea of love is embodied throughout the play particularly centralizing Romeo and Juliet as both of their personas shape and develop around the powerful and poignant theme of romantic love. Shakespeare presents this as a force of nature, so strong that it transcends societal conventions; their love can overturn the social boundaries of ‘fair Verona’. The normality, in contrast to the type of love that Romeo and Juliet†¦show more content†¦These values are more familiar in modern society today, where a couple marry because of the spiritual love they share and not because of the more customary views of this time. If this were to happen in the 16th of 17th century, it would generally be considered as unconventional and bizarre. (281) 49 Immediately in the first scene of the play, the audience see how love can have such a severe effect on a person’s emotions when the love is unrequited. Although this love may be the least convincing romantic love in the play, Shakespeare still manages to use the excessive affection to fill the scene with tension in the two-part exchange. This exchange is between Romeo and Benvolio. Romeo’s emotions consume Benvolio because the love which he is very willing to give to Rosaline isn’t being returned. The audience share Romeo’s anguish and mental sickness because he expresses his emotions almost in riddles during the exchange. As the exchange starts, Romeo wishes to be alone and isolated from everyone around him. The length and distribution of turns communicate Romeo’s solitude. Both Romeo and Benvolio use very short lines because Romeo has no desire to speak to anyone and Benvolio is cautious; he is aware of Romeo’s unstable state. This volatile state is also expressed with the use of the long vowel sounds and monosyllabic phrases. Phrases uttered by Romeo such as

Friday, December 27, 2019

Machiavellis perspectives on the relationship between a prince and his army - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1262 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2019/10/30 Category People Essay Level High school Tags: Niccolo Machiavelli Essay Did you like this example? Civil-military relations in The Prince are marked by collaboration between the prince [or statesman] and his army; the prince must make sure to retain the respect and admiration of his soldiers, who he shall command to defend the principality and lay siege to the towns of adversaries. However, this is not a partnership of equals. The military is a tool that may be utilized for the acquisition of political power by princes who hope to upend a states existing political structure or by princes who hope to consolidate their power; soldiers may be jettisoned by princes who deem that the tactical value they provide is no longer commensurate with their political aims. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Machiavellis perspectives on the relationship between a prince and his army" essay for you Create order This notion is evident in Machiavellis discussion of soldiers and their utility to an enterprising prince. He posits that a prince may defend his state with his own army, the support of a mercenary army, an auxiliary army, or some combination of these; mercenary and auxiliary armies are pesky and are unlikely to be loyal to the princes regime forasmuch as they lack the unity of spirit and the discipline necessary to act in a manner that is faithful to the princes aims. Mercenaries and auxiliaries are disloyal, Machiavelli writes, because their services have been retained through the payment of a stipend and they have no real motivation to sacrifice themselves in service of the princes agenda. This notion illuminates Machiavellis realist views on the treatment of soldiers and the chief objective of the army; the army exists to do the bidding of the statesman, and casualties are justified inasmuch as they advance his aims. A prince must remain cognizant of the designs of mercenary and auxiliary troops and leverage them prudently. When the emperor of Constantinople leveraged auxiliary support to antagonize the Greeks, the result was the eventual relinquishment of his control over those soldiers forasmuch as they were in thrall to another leader and thus had no incentive to obey the emperor. Thus, a prince must consider not only what an army might accomplish, but whether or not that army might one day challenge the princes authority. For Machiavelli, t he means by which an armys support was acquired carries dire implications for its ability to imperil the princes political position. He writes that laziness is a vice in dealing with mercenaries because they are not united when their support is bought and a failure to dispose of them swiftly will be ruinous for the prince, and virtue is an impediment in dealing with auxiliary arms because an unsuspecting princes faith in such an army will later be exploited. Inasmuch as virtue and laziness are to be considered ineffectual in a princes efforts to administer foreign armies, the prince must value another skill in his dealings with these groups. He must recognize the utility of politically expedient decision-making and be willing to employ cruelty to achieve his ends. When the unison and faith of the populace, military or otherwise, are in question, a prince should not care about the infamy of cruelty, writes Machiavelli. Expedience lies at the heart of Machiavellis realism and he alludes to it in his assessment of Cesare Borgias treatment of auxiliary armies. He writes that Cesare entered Romagna with auxiliary arms and leveraged their capabilities to conquer Imola and Forl? ¬; he later acquired the support of mercenaries, the Orsini and Vitelli, and upon discovery of their seditiousness, assassinated them. In Machiavellis view, whilst Cesares expedient leadership and willingness to readily eliminate threats to his authority enabled him to consolidate power in Italy, he was never more respected than when the populace observed that he was the commander of his own army. In such a fashion, an army comprised of a statesmans own men enacts a dual-function in bolstering the statesmans mandate and wherewithal to rule. For one, an army owned and commanded solely by the prince ensures that the princes directives shall be executed faithfully and judiciously; moreover, citizens, as the aforementioned evidence has shown, could be more likely to accept a new princes role as the administrator of the state and a fiduciary of their interests if they saw that he commanded his own army. Hiero of Syracuse, in Machiavellis view, represents another exemplar of expedient leadership. He writes that when he was made the leader of the army by the Syracusans, he suspected that the military would fail to serve his aims due to a lack of fealty to his agenda and elected to eliminate them and procure an army of his own. The employment of cruelty, as the foregoing cases have indicated, was necessary for the preservation of authority over subjects whose fealty would bolster the stability of the princes reign. The equation of expedient decision-making to virtue is central to the articulation of Machiavellis realism. Machiavelli, in describing the reign of Hannibal and his treatment of soldiers, comments on the leaders expedient employment of cruelty as crucial to his success as a commander; he first posits that no prince can unite and command his forces if he preoccupies himself with an aversion to cruelty. The lack of opposition to Hannibals reign by his large and diverse army may be attributed to his cruelty, which always made him venerable and terrible in the sight of his soldiers. In this way, it is posited that Hannibals cruelty was justified insofar as it enabled him to retain control of his armies and conquer foreign lands without encountering subterfuge. Machiavellis perspectives on the relationship between a prince and his army illuminate his criticism of the idealist position. The evidence has shown that for Machiavellis prince, soldiers exist merely as an appendage of the state, to satisfy the princes political objectives. While having ones own army is preferable to using mercenary and auxiliary armies, the latter armies can still be used to consolidate political power and then eliminated when it is determined that they may no longer be relied upon. Thus, it may be argued that Machiavellis prince should not preoccupy himself with enabling soldiers to strive for goodness. They are tools to be exploited in the pursuit of power and it is important for the prince to engage in posturing to curry their favor when necessary; Severus, for instance, was able to rule without significant challenges because he was viewed as admirable in the eyes of his soldiers and satisfied them. Hiero of Syracuse, contrarily, resorted to violence to gain co ntrol of his armies and instill reverence for his rule in the eyes of his servicemen. Machiavellis realist view does not see men as capable or deserving of empowerment and trust; he writes that men are ungrateful, fickle, pretenders and dissemblers, and eager for gain. For this reason, a prince must not hesitate to be cruel and ought to be willing to manipulate his men to deter internal strife. Machiavellis realism is rooted in a utilitarian calculus that rewards expediency above naivete; he writes that a prince will win praise by working to achieve his ends because men value appearances and artifice. It may be argued that Machiavellis beliefs align closely with Mearsheimers contemporary realism. Mearsheimer holds that states make decisions with security and survival as their highest goals; uncertain of the intentions their rivals and fearful of being subjugated by aggressors, states endeavor to develop offensive military capabilities and alliances with willing collaborators to ensure their safety. Machiavellis prince behaves in a similar manner by utilizing the military as the vessel for his expansionist, security-focused aims. His relationship with soldiers is one marked by exploitation and manipulation because he is the sole decision-maker.

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Biology Exam Revision Cell Membrane - 1480 Words

Biology Exam Revision Cells Cell Membrane The cell membrane surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell, separating its contents from the environment around it. The cell surface membrane consists of two layers of phospholipids and regulates what can enter and leave the cell. It is a semi-permeable membrane embedded with proteins, including receptors on the outer surface. Nucleus The nucleus is the ‘brain’ of the cell. It is a large, round organelle and is surrounded by the nuclear envelope (a double membrane). The nuclear envelope allows the exchange of materials between the nucleus and cytoplasm through its large, nuclear pores. The nucleus contains DNA therefore the information to regulate the metabolism and reproduction for the cell. It also contains a dark staining area called the nucleolus. The nucleolus produces ribosomes. Mitochondrion The mitochondrion has a double membrane surrounding its ellipse shape. Some of the reactions of aerobic respiration (the process living things go through to use food energy) occur in the mitochondrion and they are the ‘powerhouses’ of the cell. They produce energy in the form of ATP. Ribosomes Ribosomes are the site of protein synthesis and are made up of two subunits. One of these units is large, and the other is small. These subunits consist of protein and ribosomal RNA. Ribosomes can be found floating free in a cell, or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum The rough endoplasmic reticulum is covered withShow MoreRelatedAn Investigation Into The Rate Of Osmosis1756 Words   |  8 PagesAbstract Water diffuses across cellular membranes by the process of osmosis. This occurs in all animal, plant and protozoa cells. Furthermore, this report examines ‘an investigation into the rate of osmosis through a semi-permeable membrane’ and further assesses whether this rate is affected by sucrose concentration. Dialysis bags containing variable sucrose concentrations were placed in a solution containing either tap water or 60% sucrose. These bags were then weighed at fifteen minute intervalsRead MoreSkeletal Muscle, Cardiac Muscle And Smooth Muscle2791 Words   |  12 Pages Contents Page Introduction 4 In Brief: Skeletal Muscle, Cardiac Muscle Smooth Muscle Image 1.0 Anatomy Of Smooth Muscle Table – Basic Muscle Comparison 5 Note: See Appendix For Further Detail. Image 1.1 Muscle Cell Variations Image 2 Stimulus Transmission Image 3 Axon Junction 6 Events At The Neuromuscular Junction And Of A Synaptic Transmission Skeletal Muscle In More Detail Including: Fascia Epimysium, Perimysium, Endomysium, Aponeurons 7 PeriosteumRead MoreAp Psychology Review Packet12425 Words   |  50 Pagesprocess by which the eyes lens changes shape to focus near or far images on the retina. 3.Acetylcholine:  neurotransmitter that enables muscle action, learning and memory. 4.Achievement Motivation:  desire for accomplishment. 5.Achievement Test:  an exam designed to test what a person has earned. 6.Acoustic Encoding:  encoding of sound, especially words. 7.Acquisition:  the initial stage when one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus. 8.Action Potential:  a neural impulse; a brief electricalRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesfeatures—clear writing style, cutting-edge content, and engaging pedagogy—the fourteenth edition has been updated to reflect the most recent research within the field of organizational behavior. This is one of the most comprehensive and thorough revisions of Organizational Behavior we’ve undertaken, and while we’ve preserved the core material, we’re confident that this edition reflects the most important research and topical issues facing organizations, managers, and employees. Key Changes to the

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Cortisol Levels and Subjective Reporting †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Cortisol Levels and Subjective Reporting. Answer: Introduction The short story titled, UFO in Kushiro, by Haruki Murakami, follows Komura as he goes on a trip to Hokkaido to try and get over his wife leaving him. The thread of the story is derived from the 1995 Kobe earthquake which leads to significant loss of life and property. After the earthquake Komuras wife is glued to the television for five days watching the footage from the earthquake. The relationship between the two is estranged and on the 6th day Komuras wife decides to leave him. His wife leaving devastates him and he decides to take a break from his normal activities. His friend asks him to deliver a parcel to Keiko in Hokkaido and the journey to Hokkaido end up being a journey of self actualization for Komura. According to the letter left by Komuras wife, the main reason as to why she was leaving him was the fact that he had nothing inside and he was only a, chunk of air (Boulter 127). This description of Kumora by his wife serves to indicate that he was not a self actualized man. According to Abraham Maslow, in his book, Motivation and Personality, a self-actualized person shares close relations with those in his immediate environment and also has a feeling of affection and identification towards the whole human race. Maslow indicates that a self-actualized man has fulfilled all the requirements in his hierarchy of needs and as a result he/she is able to share efficiently with others and develop close relationships with them. The ability of self actualized individuals to develop close relationship with others also stems from the fact that they tend to be friendly and kind to almost everyone they interact with making them quite lovable. From the story it is evident that Kumora was unable to develop a close relationship with his wife due to the fact that they were unable to share a sense of belonging and love. The fact that Kumora found it difficult to get over his wife leaving him can be regarded as a sign that he was not a self-actualized man. According to Maslow and Albert Einstein, one of the key attributes of self-actualized individuals is that they do not stick to the familiar and easily embrace change, the ambiguous and the unknown (Maslow 22). They are not shocked or threatened with changes in their lives or what they do not understand; instead they embrace that which they do not understand in an effort to better understand it. The fact that Kumora was also uncomfortable being alone also serves to indicate that he was not a self actualized man In describing the characteristics of a self actualized man, Maslow indicates that self actualized individuals is comfortable being alone and find comfort in solitude (Maslow 27). He states that despite having satisfying relationships with other individuals, self actualized people value solitude as it enables them to think and reflect on their lives (Maslow 30). According to Maslows theory of self actualization a person needs to fulfill five different needs in life to obtain self actualization namely physiological needs, safety, belonging and love needs, esteem needs and finally the obtainment of self actualization (Maslow 31). From the story, it is evident that Kumaro had fulfilled the first need, physiological needs, in the self actualization hierarchy. In the story, it is evident that Kumora used to leave in a state of fear. This is seen when the author indicates that Kumoras state of tension could only dissipate when he was with his wife. It is also evident in the statement that Kumora used to live in a perpetual fear of venereal diseases, the vastness of the universe or death and these fears were only quelled when he was with his wife. However, after his interactions with Shimao, Kumaro realizes that he should stop leaving in a state of fear and starts to embrace his life. Through this realization, it can be argued that the interactions with Shimao enabled Kumaro to attain the second level in the self actualization hierarchy tree which is safety needs. In defining the characteristics of a self-actualized man, Maslow indicates that self- actualized individuals do not leave in fear but instead embrace their life with the aim of making it better. By deciding to stop leaving his life in fear Kumaro overcome the first huddle of self actualization. Kumaros journey to travel to Hokkaido also enabled him to attain the third need, belonging and love, under Maslows hierarchy of needs. According to Maslow, for one to attain self actualization, he/she needs to be able to develop close relationship with other people. The relationship can be based on trust, friendship, acceptance and in some instances intimacy. The fact that the relationship between Kumaro and his wife was estranged indicates that there was little to no love between the two. However, from the story it is evident that through his interactions with Shimao, Kumaro develops a strong and intimate relationship with her. This is seen when the two try to sleep together and through the sexual conversations that they have. The author also indicates that Kumaro felt a sense of belonging when he arrived at Hokkaido and they started to converse with Shimao on different issues. The third need in self actualization model is esteem needs. Maslows indicates that for one to obtain self-actualization, he/she needs to attain a feeling of self accomplishment and prestige. Esteem needs are classified into two categories namely personal esteem (achievement, dignity, independence, mastery) and desire for respect and reputation from other individuals. In the story Kumaro lacks independence from his wife due to the fact that he is only at peace when he is with his wife. It is also evident in the fact that Kumaro is unable to stop thinking about his wife after the wife left him. However, when interacting with Shimao, Kumaro does not think about his wife indicating the obtainment of personal independence. His interactions with Shimao also help him in enhance his personal esteem. This is evident in the fact that he feels confident enough to talk about his sexcapedes with Shimoa. The final step in the self actualization ladder is the actual self actualization itself. This is the stage where the person obtains self-fulfillment and is able to learn more about him/her and be able to answer personal questions that plague him. In the story, Kumaro seeks the answer behind the reason as to why his wife refers to him as a chunk of air. This is evident when Kumaro confides about the note left to him by his wife. Shimao informs Kumaro that the package that he bought contained the something that his wife said he is missing. In the end thanks to the conversation Kumaro is able to understand the emptiness his wife was referring to in her note and thus obtain self actualization. Super Frog Saves Tokyo The short story titled, Super Frog Saves Tokyo, follows Katagari a collections officer for Tokyo Security Trust Bank and Frog as they seek to stop another earthquake that will be bigger than the Kobe earthquake. The story raises major questions regarding the question of reality and the distinction between what is real and what is not. In the story Katagiri attempts to determine whether or not the experiences he is going through are true or not. In the story, the line that exists between imagination and reality is completely blurred making it difficult for Katagiri to distinguish between what is real and what is not. However, it can be concluded that Katagiri was only imagining the entire interaction between him and frog and this paper provides arguments to the same. The term real is used to refer to something that has a physical presence or exists as a fact and not an aspect of imagination. This definition of reality is largely confounded by Katagiris experiences with frog. In his interactions with Katigiris Frog is presented as a physical, corporeal being. This is seen in the introductory section of the paper when Katigiri asks frig to prove if he is a true frog and he does that. However, the fact that Frog is only visible to Katigiri serves to bring into questionthe fact of his reality. This is evident in the story when the author indicates that Katigiri struggles to understand whether his interactions with frog are real or just an aspect of his imagination. He is so conflicted with the affair that he wonders as to whether or not he is able to trust his senses in attempting to understand the ongoing around him. One of the major reasons as to why Katagiris experiences can be said to be as a result of his imagination is the fact that Frog only appears to him. This fact is evident when Frog self-destructs leaving a putrid mess in the storys end. The mess is visible to Katigiri but vanish immediately when the nurse who was attending to Katigiri turns on the switch to enter the room. It is also evident from the fact that there is no other witness who is able to confirm the existence of Frog and his interactions with Katigiri excepts for the Big bear executive who is unnamed and unseen. The fact that no tangible information is provided on the existence of the Big Bear Executive, it is logical to conclude that even the executive was an element of Katigiris imagination. Frog also admits to Katigiri that he travels between the realms of dream and imagination thereby serving to make him unreal. This statement serves to strengthen the fact that Frog is only a figment of Katigiris imagination as something that ascribes to the definition of real cannot be able to travel between the dreams and imagination of a person. This is because dreams and imaginations are intangible and corporeal objects are tangible. The argument that Frog is an element of Katagiris imagination is further supported by the Frogs statements when he informs Katigiri that the battle between him and worm was in the arena of his imagination (Murakami 135). Frog told Katigiri that he traveled with him to the arena where they fought with Worm in his dreams. This is physically impossible as individuals are unable to travel while in their dreams. In a study conducted on the biological process of the human body during sleep, it was revealed that the human body releases a hormone that prevents people from being able to make certain actions in our sleeps (Ghaly, Maand Dale 179). This serves as a form of protection as it prevents people from performing certain mechanical actions that might injure them while they sleep. Based on this it is logical to conclude that it was impossible for Katagiri to physically go with Frog to the battle ground. In his dying statements, the Frog warns Katagiri that he should be cognizant of the fact that what he sees with his eyes may not be necessarily real (Murakami 140). This is the strongest indicator of the fact that Frog was not real but an aspect of Katagiris imagination. It also serves as a major indicator to the fact that nothing in the adventures between Katagiri and super frog was real. Even though Frog can be argued to be a figment of Katagiris imagination, the line between reality and imagination is blurred by the fact that the emotional impact of the story makes it quite complicated to disregard the unreal events. The story has a number of riddles that do not result to true intellectual understanding for the reader or katagiri however, in the end of the story the satisfaction he obtains from his perceived interaction with Frog is evident. Even though the impact there might never have been a threat to Tokyo, the impact that Frog had on Katagiri is tangible and real. Thus given the definition of what is real and not. It can be argued that even though Frog was unreal, the level of satisfaction Katagiri obtained was real. Therefore the story contains both elements of reality and imagination. Work Cited Murakami, Haruki. "Super-frog saves Tokyo."After the quake: Stories(2002): 111-140. Boulter, Jonathan. "Writing guilt: Haruki Murakami and the archives of national mourning."ESC: English Studies in Canada32.1 (2006): 125-145. Maslow, Abraham.Motivation and personality. Vol. 2. New York: Harper Row, 1970. Ghaly, Maurice, and Dale Teplitz. "The biologic effects of grounding the human body during sleep as measured by cortisol levels and subjective reporting of sleep, pain, and stress."Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine10.5 (2004): 767-776.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Savage Inequalities Essay Example

Savage Inequalities Essay Savage Inequalities How is it possible for one of the wealthiest countries in the world to have such poverty stricken areas with the living conditions of a third-world country? After reading the words of Savage Inequalities by Jonathan Kola, I was given countless explanations on how deprivation of funds, opportunity and education affect a community in a negative light. The author ventured into the city of East SST. Louis, examined the environment and gave readers a first-hand observation of the people who live there. As a reader, one will get an in depth illustration on how negligent politics affect the overall condition of a city that was initially one of the most economically sound cities in America. Many years ago, E. SST. Louis was an industrialized city of great opportunity Now lays the abandoned structures that once gave the city financial stability. Kola informed the audience of how E. SST. Louis inhabitants have to succumb to the endless problems that come with living in one of the poorest cities in America, and how it affects their everyday lives. We will write a custom essay sample on Savage Inequalities specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Savage Inequalities specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Savage Inequalities specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Although corrupt ileitis affect the economy and education systems of this city, adequate leadership would be of great Justice to the rehabilitation of E. SST. Louis. For many years, the corrupt politics in E. SST. Louis has heavily affected its physical appearance. From streets in need of major repair to a sewage system that is backed- up throughout the city, there seems to never be enough money to fix the infinite list of problems. After being $40 million in debt, former Governor James Thompson proposed an emergency state loan to keep city staff in the workplace. In order for the loan to go in affect, Governor Thompson requested that the current mayor resign from office. The lack of good leadership affects many of the critical responsibilities that need taken care of within the city. For some reason the funds that are designated to help maintain E. SST. Louis, somehow fall into the pockets of city officials. This is why I think that adequate leadership would serve as a solution to fix the overall problem within the city. The second leading cause for hardships and poverty in E. SST. Louis is the failing economic structure that is one of the many factors affected due to the political system. Labeled as the most distressed city in America, nearly one third of E. SST. Louis population lives on an average income of $7,500 a year. Drastic lay-offs due to financial shortages left over a thousand city workers unemployed. Consequently, due to the lay-offs many tasks in the city were left undone because of the shortages in city workers. Although E. SST. Louis appears to be a city with no opportunity for employment this has not always been the case. For many years E. SST. Louis was a very industrialized city with many opportunities for black families migrating from the southern states. Now that industrialized times have passed, and most of the plants simply disappeared, the open Jobs that once held up the economy went along with them. Education is one of the most neglected factors that affect the productivity and chances for E. SST. Louis citizens to have an equal chance of living The American but also one of the most inadequate. Some of the E. SST. Louis school districts flaws that Kola touched on included the inadequate plumbing system, out of date books, ND the under-representation of staff and administration. In other words, there is a deficit among the number of resources that is given to the school district and the physical appearance of the schools that inhabit this particular school district. Other issues were oriented toward the districts extra-curricular activities, such as worn-out football Jerseys or poor equipment. Because school is a childs training ground for life, attaining an education in E. SST. Louis school district could predict an either or future for a student. Either a student will allow a presumably unsatisfactory school district fail them, or they will rise above the inadequacies and strive for something more. Although many underlying factors affect the citizens of East SST. Louis, based off Kohls information, I think that it is the political, economic and education systems that affect them the most. Furthermore, I think that the political system is the starting domino that perpetuates problems unto the citys economic and education systems. Because the citys political power is corrupted and ran by individuals with ulterior datives, the economy is directly affected by debt. I imagine that the debt that the city collects affect the education system because of the inability to keep up with current books or refurbish the schools infrastructure. With that being said the lack in leadership plays a major part in managing the funds that should be transferred to its respective places, which obviously is not being done. From reading Kohls work the city of E. SST. Louis is in desperate need of strong leadership to dig its community out of a hole that has lasted for over 50 years.